The cost for most land surveying work is determined based on the following ten variables.

-Record Research

This varies by (a) the number of parcels involved and (b) the number of past transactions. (This necessary step is complicated by the casual manner in which land transactions have been handled in the past, resulting in many vague, incomplete, and often contradictory legal descriptions and land records).

-Size And Shape Of Property

An irregularly shaped parcel has more corners and a longer boundary than a 
rectangular parcel containing the same area.

-Sectionalized Survey Work

This could require the survey of the entire section (640 acres +) in which the land being surveyed lies, regardless of the area of the parcel. In some cases, a survey of more than one section is required, depending on the location of the parcel in question in relation to the sections shown on the government plat.

-Terrain And Vegetation

A level parcel of land is easier to survey than a mountain parcel. Interference with 
lines of sight and accessibility complicate fieldwork.

-Amount Of Existing Evidence On The Property

Existing evidence such as iron, wood, or stone monuments, old fences, and occupation lines, witness trees, etc., aid the Surveyor. Their absence may compound difficulties involved in retracing boundaries.

-Local Knowledge of Property

Someone pointing out accepted occupation lines and monumentation is a considerable aid to the Surveyor.

-Abutter Difficulties

When neighbors are cooperative, an otherwise difficult of impossible boundary line location may be established by boundary line agreement.

-Time of Year

In summer, foliage may present problems making traversing difficult. In winter, weather may slow travel to and on-site, and sometimes conceal field evidence.

-Title Company Requirements

Title companies may require more documentation than is normally required by the average landowner.

-Record of Survey or Corner Record

This map of record is often required by state law if matters addressed by the Land Surveyors Act are encountered while surveying your property. This will cause the mapping costs to increase, and requires the payment of checking and recording fees.

Due to these variables, the Surveyor will generally furnish the client with an estimate of the survey, and provide periodic updates on the estimate, as the project proceeds.

Types of Land Surveys-

The eight types of surveys include:

-A.L.T.A. Survey or Extended Title Insurance Coverage Survey

A survey made for the purpose of supplying a title company and lender with survey and location data necessary for issuing American Land Title Association or Extended Coverage Title Insurance. 

-Boundary Survey

A survey for the purpose of locating the corners, boundary lines and/or easements of a given parcel of land. This involves record and field research , measurements and computations to establish boundary lines in conformance with the Professional Land Surveyors Act.

-Topographic Survey

A survey locating topographic features - natural and man made - such as buildings, improvements, fences, elevations, trees, streams, contours of the land, etc. This type of survey may be required by a governmental agency, or may be used by engineers and/or architects for design of improvements or developments on a site.

-Site Planning Survey

A combination of boundary and topographic surveys for preparation of a site plan to be used for designing improvements or developments.

-Subdivision Survey

The subdivision of a tract of land into smaller parcels, showing monumentation and survey data on a map, in conformance with local ordinances and the Subdivision Map Act.

-Control Survey

Precise location of horizontal and vertical positions of points for use in boundary determination, mapping from aerial photographs, construction staking and other related purposes.

-Court Exhibit Survey

Analysis of various legal description and survey maps; field - locating of record, existing monuments and physical features; and mapping showing this information for the purpose of presenting a visual exhibit to be used in a courtroom.

-Construction Survey

Construction staking of improvements shown improvement plans for control of construction on developments for roads, buildings, pipelines, etc.

Methods of Surveying-

Most Land Surveyors use electronic distance and angle measuring equipment, as well as the traditional transit and tape. Modern computer systems aid in efficiently gathering measurements and in evaluating all collected evidence required to perform the survey. Global Positioning Systems (G.P.S.) or "satellite surveying" can provide greater accuracy and efficiency for some surveys. The Land Surveyor takes pride in using these instruments and computers to perform land surveys efficiently, accurately and cost effectively.