MUCH WILL A SURVEY COST?
The cost for most land surveying work is determined based on the following
This varies by (a) the number of parcels involved and (b) the number of past
transactions. (This necessary step is complicated by the casual manner in
which land transactions have been handled in the past, resulting in many
vague, incomplete, and often contradictory legal descriptions and land
-Size And Shape Of Property
An irregularly shaped parcel has more corners and a longer boundary than
rectangular parcel containing the same area.
-Sectionalized Survey Work
This could require the survey of the entire section (640 acres +) in which
the land being surveyed lies, regardless of the area of the parcel. In some
cases, a survey of more than one section is required, depending on the
location of the parcel in question in relation to the sections shown on the
-Terrain And Vegetation
A level parcel of land is easier to survey than a mountain parcel.
lines of sight and accessibility complicate fieldwork.
-Amount Of Existing Evidence On The Property
Existing evidence such as iron, wood, or stone monuments, old fences, and
occupation lines, witness trees, etc., aid the Surveyor. Their absence may
compound difficulties involved in retracing boundaries.
-Local Knowledge of Property
Someone pointing out accepted occupation lines and monumentation is a
considerable aid to the Surveyor.
When neighbors are cooperative, an otherwise difficult of impossible boundary
line location may be established by boundary line agreement.
-Time of Year
In summer, foliage may present problems making traversing difficult. In
winter, weather may slow travel to and on-site, and sometimes conceal field
-Title Company Requirements
Title companies may require more documentation than is normally required by
the average landowner.
-Record of Survey or Corner Record
This map of record is often required by state law if matters addressed by the
Land Surveyors Act are encountered while surveying your property. This will
cause the mapping costs to increase, and requires the payment of checking and
Due to these variables, the Surveyor will generally furnish the client with
an estimate of the survey, and provide periodic updates on the estimate, as
the project proceeds.
Types of Land Surveys-
The eight types of surveys include:
-A.L.T.A. Survey or Extended Title Insurance Coverage Survey
A survey made for the purpose of supplying a title company and lender with
survey and location data necessary for issuing American Land Title
Association or Extended Coverage Title Insurance.
A survey for the purpose of locating the corners, boundary lines and/or
easements of a given parcel of land. This involves record and field research
, measurements and computations to establish boundary lines in conformance
with the Professional Land Surveyors Act.
A survey locating topographic features - natural and man made - such as
buildings, improvements, fences, elevations, trees, streams, contours of the
land, etc. This type of survey may be required by a governmental agency, or
may be used by engineers and/or architects for design of improvements or
developments on a site.
-Site Planning Survey
A combination of boundary and topographic surveys for preparation of a site
plan to be used for designing improvements or developments.
The subdivision of a tract of land into smaller parcels, showing monumentation
and survey data on a map, in conformance with local ordinances and the
Subdivision Map Act.
Precise location of horizontal and vertical positions of points for use in
boundary determination, mapping from aerial photographs, construction staking
and other related purposes.
-Court Exhibit Survey
Analysis of various legal description and survey maps; field - locating of
record, existing monuments and physical features; and mapping showing this
information for the purpose of presenting a visual exhibit to be used in a
Construction staking of improvements shown improvement plans for control of
construction on developments for roads, buildings, pipelines, etc.
Methods of Surveying-
Most Land Surveyors use electronic distance and angle measuring equipment, as
well as the traditional transit and tape. Modern computer systems aid in
efficiently gathering measurements and in evaluating all collected evidence
required to perform the survey. Global Positioning Systems (G.P.S.) or
"satellite surveying" can provide greater accuracy and efficiency
for some surveys. The Land Surveyor takes pride in using these instruments
and computers to perform land surveys efficiently, accurately and cost